Swallows and Humans in Wales: historical and modern feeding strategies

Species History

Barn swallows (Hirundo rustica) have been noted as commensal with humans and livestock throughout recorded history. One of the first records comes from Pliny’s Natural History where it is explained:

[Hirundines] Thebarum tecta subire negantur quoniam urbs illa saepius capta sit, nec Bizyes in Threcia propter scelera Terei.

[Swallows] do not enter under the roofs of Thebes, because that city has been so often captured, nor at Bizye in Thrace on account of the crimes of Tereus. (Rackham 1947, 336–7 (X. 34))

A sitting swallow with forked tail in colour drawn for the Aberdeen Bestiary.

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