Animals in the medieval and Ottoman Islamic World. A work in progress bibliography

Majnun visited in the desert by his mother and Salim (Sanwlah). Various animals gathered around them., British Library, Or.12208, f.150b, 16th C.

Majnun visited in the desert by his mother and Salim (Sanwlah). Various animals gathered around them., British Library, Or.12208, f.150b, 16th C.

This is the very first version of a bibliography on history of animals in the (Medieval and Ottoman Muslim world. Please send comments at and If people are interested, we could organized a work-group on to share a bibliography with specialists from various origins and topics (hunting, falconry, veterinary medicine, horses, iconography, etc.)

This bibliography presents only secondary literature, no sources at all for the moment.

You may find a very good bibliography in L’animal en Islam. Paris: Les Indes savantes, 2005, pp. 171–181.

The bibliograhy of François Viré, who was the specialist of Arabic falconry, could be found in Viré, François, and Baudouin Van Den Abeele. ‘L’utilisation du grand corbeau, d’après le traité de chasse d’al-Asadī’. Arabica 52, no. 4 (2005): 544–564.


(Last update: January 30th, 2016)



  • Behrens-Abuseif, Doris. Practising Diplomacy in the Mamluk Sultanate. Gifts and Material Culture in the Medieval Islamic World. Library of Middle East History 44. New-York: I.B. Tauris, 2014.
  • Mikhail, Alan. The Animal in Ottoman Egypt. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.
  • Buquet, Thierry. “Les Légendes relatives à l’origine hybride et à la naissance des girafes selon Les auteurs arabes.” Bulletin d’études orientales 62 (2013, published in 2014), p. 125-147. DOI: 10.4000/beo.1320
  • Buquet, Thierry. “Les ménageries arabes et ottomanes.” SSMOCI (Société Suisse Moyen Orient et Civilisation Islamique) Bulletin 38 (2014): 16–19.
  • Glutz, Sophie, and Thomas Würtz, eds. Tiere / L’Animal. SSMOCI (Société Suisse Moyen Orient et Civilisation Islamique) Bulletin 38 (2014).


  • Mayeur-Jaouen, Catherine. “La cigogne  ses noms, ses visages, ses voyages.” In Les Non-dits du Nom. onomastique et documents en Terres d’Islam. Mélanges offerts à Jacqueline Sublet, edited by Christian Müller and Muriel Roiland-Rouabah, 357–373. Études Arabes, Médiévales et Modernes PIFD 267. Beyrouth: Presses de l’Ifpo, 2013.
  • Frenkel, Yehoshua. “Animals and Otherness in Mamluk Egypt and Syria.” In Animals and the Otherness in the Middle Ages. Perspectives Across Disciplines, edited by Monica A. Walker Vadillo, Francisco de Asís García García, and María Victoria Chico Picaza, 49–61. British Archaeological Reports. International Series 2500. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2013.
  • Ghersetti, Antonella. “Des animaux parlants. Modèles littéraires et contraintes idéologiques.” The Arabist (Budapest) 32 (2013): 3–34.


  • Amendt, Andreas, et Christian Wacker. Horse Games – Horse Sports. From Traditional Oriental Games to Modern and Olympic Sport. Publications of the Qatar Olympic & Sports Museum 1. Beirut: Arab Scientific Publishers, 2012.
  • Capel, Chloé. “La question des parcs de chasse à l’époque abbasside: le cas emblématique de Sâmarrâ’.” Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée 130 (2012): 153–180.
  • Evans, Linda. “Animals in Coptic Art.” Göttinger Miszellen 232 (2012): 63–73.
  • Lauzi, Egle. Il destino degli animali. Aspetti delle tradizioni culturali araba e occidentale nel Medio Evo. Micrologus’ Library 44. Florence: Sismel ed. Galluzzo, 2012.
  • Shehada, Housni Alkhateeb. Mamluks and Animals: Veterinary Medicine in Medieval Islam. Sir Henry Wellcome Asian Series 11. Leiden: Brill, 2012.
  • Tlili, Sara, Animals in Ihe Qur’an. Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 201.
  • Buquet, Thierry. “Les couloirs de la mort. Battues et enclos de chasse de la Perse à l’Espagne.” Les Carnets de l’Ifpo, June 19, 2012.
  • Buquet, Thierry. “La chasse au guépard et au lynx en Syrie et en Irak au Moyen Âge.” Les Carnets de l’Ifpo, February 7, 2012.


  • Buquet, Thierry. “Chasser lions et panthères en Syrie au Moyen Âge.” Les Carnets de l’Ifpo, June 26, 2011.
  • Contadini, Anne. A World of Beasts: A Thirteenth-Century Illustrated Arabic Book on Animals (The Kitāb Na‘t al-ḥayawān) in the Ibn Bakhtīshū‘ Tradition. Leiden: Brill, 2011.
  • Kuehn, Sara. The Dragon in Medieval East Christian and Islamic Art. Islamic history and civilization 86. Leiden: Brill, 2011.
  • Martínez Enamorado, Virgilio. “Falcons and Falconry in Al-Andalus.” Studia Orientalia 111 (2011): 159–183.


  • Bacqué-Grammont, Jean-Louis. “Le rhinocéros dans la relation de voyage d’Evliyâ Çelebî, voyageur ottoman.” Journal asiatique 298, no. 1 (2010): 203–237. doi: 10.2143/JA.298.1.2055073
  • Faroqhi, Suraiya, ed. Animals and People in the Ottoman Empire. Istanbul: Eren, 2010. [summary, PDF]
  • Mayeur-Jaouen, Catherine. ‘Badawi and His Camel : An Animal as the Attribute of a Muslim Saint in Mamluk and Ottoman Egypt’. In Animals and People in the Ottoman Empire, edited by Suraiya Faroqhi, 113–128. Istanbul: Eren, 2010.


  • Adler, Mufflon Co. Tiergeschichten Aus Der Arabischen Welt. Lenos Pocket 122. Basel: Lenos Verlag, 2009.
  • Goodman, Lenn E., and Richard Mac Gregor, ed. The Case of the Animals versus Man before the King of the Jinn. A Translation from the Epistles of the Brethren of Purity. Epistles of the Brethren of Purity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
  • Kruk, Remke. ‘Zarafa: Encounters with the Giraffe, from Paris to the Medieval Islamic World’. In Classical Arabic Humanities in Their Own Terms. Festschrift for Wolfahrt Heinrichs on His 65th Birthday, edited by Beatrice Gruendler and Michael Cooperson, 568–592. Leiden: Brill, 2008.
  • Faroqhi, Suraiya. « Exotic Animals at the Sultan’s Court ». In Another Mirror for Princes. The Public Image of the Ottoman Sultans and Its Reception, 87‑101. Analecta Isisiana 104. Istanbul: Isis Press, 2008.
  • Akasoy, Anna. “Zu den arabischen Vorlagen des Moamin”, in: Fried, J. / Grebner, G. (Hg.): Kulturtransfer und Hofgesellschaft im Mittelalter, Wissenskultur am sizilianischen und kastilischen Hof im 13. Jahrhundert, Berlin, 2008, S. 147–156.
  • Akasoy, Anna. ‘The Influence of the Arabic Tradition of Falconry and Hunting on European Culture’. In Islamic Crosspollinations: Interactions in the Medieval Middle East, edited by James Montgomery, Anna A. Akasoy, and Peter A. Pormann, 46–64. Oxford: Oxbow, 2007.
  • Kruk, Remke. ‘Elusive Giraffes: Ibn Abi L-Ḥawāfir’s Badāiʾiʿ Al-Akwān and Other Animal Books’. In Arab Painting: Text and Image in Illustrated Arabic Manuscripts, edited by Anna Contadini, 49–64. Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 1, The Near and Middle East 90. Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2007. DOI: 10.1163/ej.9789004157224.i-272.14.
  • Foltz, Richard C. Animals in the Islamic Tradition and Muslim Cultures. Oxford, 2006.
  • Allsen, Thomas T. The Royal Hunt in Eurasian History. Encounters with Asia. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006.
  • Viré, François, and Baudouin Van Den Abeele. ‘L’utilisation du grand corbeau, d’après le traité de chasse d’al-Asadī. Arabica 52, no. 4 (2005): 544–564. [The paper is preceded by a very useful bibliography on Viré’s papers and books, mainly about falconry]
  • Contadini, Anna, “Musical Beasts: The Swan-Phoenix in the Ibn Bakhtīshūʿ Bestiaries.” In The Iconography of Islamic Art: Studies in Honour of Robert Hillenbrand. Edited by O’Kane, Bernard. 93-101, pls. 13-14. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2005.
  • Benkheira, Mohammed Hocine, Catherine Mayeur-Jaouen, and Jacqueline Sublet.  L’animal en Islam. Paris: Les Indes savantes, 2005.
  • Sublet, Jacqueline. ‘Nommer l’animal en arabe d’après un auteur du XIIe siècle’. Anthropozoologica 39, no. 1 (2004): 99–105.
  • Hees, Syrinx von. Enzyklopädie Als Spiegel Des Weltbildes: Qazwīnīs Wunder Der Schöpfung: Eine Naturkunde Des 13. Jahrhunderts. Diskurse Der Arabistik 4. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2002.
  • Bernus-Taylor, Marthe, “Le cheval et l’art islamique.” In Chevaux et cavaliers arabes dans les arts d’Orient et d’Occident. edited by Digard, Jean-Pierre. 84-93. Paris: Institut du monde arabe and Gallimard, 2002.
  • Ragheb, Youssef. Les messagers volants en terre d’Islam. Paris: CNRS Éditions, 2002.
  • Chevaux et cavaliers arabes dans les arts d’Orient et d’Occident. edited by Digard, Jean-Pierre. Paris: Institut du monde arabe and Gallimard, 2002.
  • Akasoy, Anna. ‘Die Kamelbeschreibung hei Ka’b B. Zuhair: Funktionalität, Ästhetik und Zoologie’. Middle Eastern Literatures 5, no. 2 (2002): 139–160. DOI: 10.1080/14752620220138944.
  • Kruk, Remke. ‘Timotheus of Gaza’s On Animals in the Arabic Tradition’. Le Museon 114, no. 3–4 (2001): 355–387.
  • Kruk, Remke. ‘Of Rukhs and Rooks, Camels and Castles’. Oriens 36 (2001): 288–298. DOI:10.2307/1580487.
  • Meinecke-Berg, Victoria. ‘Das Giraffenbild Des Fatimidischen Keramikmalers’. Damaszener Mitteilungen 11 (2000): 331–344 + pl. 44–47.
  • Mayeur-Jaouen, Catherine. ‘Crocodiles et Saints Du Nil : Du Talisman Au Miracle’. Revue de L’histoire Des Religions 217, no. 4 (2000): 733–760. DOI:10.3406/rhr.2000.1025.


  • Cook, Michael. ‘Ibn Qutayba and the Monkeys’. Studia Islamica 89 (1999): 43–74. DOI: 10.2307/1596085.
  • Rubin, Uri. « Apes, Pigs, and the Islamic Identity ». Israel Oriental Studies 17 (1997): 89‑105.
  • Contadini, Anna, “The Horse in Two Manuscripts of Ibn Bakhtīshūʿs Kitāb Manāfiʿ al-Ḥayawān.” In Furusiyya: The Horse in the Art of the Near East. edited byAlexander, David. 142-147. al-Riyāḍ: King Abdulaziz Public Library, 1996.
  • Kruk, Remke. ‘Traditional Islamic Views of Apes and Monkeys’. In Ape, Man, Apeman: Changing Views since 1600 (Evaluative Proceedings of the Symposium, Leiden, 28 June – 1 July, 1993), edited by Raymond Corbey and Bert Theunissen, 29–41. Leiden: Leiden University, Department of Prehistory, 1995.
  • Provençal, Philippe. ‘Nouvel essai sur les observations zoologiques de ʿAbd Al-Laṭīf Al-Baġdādī’. Arabica 42, no. 3 (1995): 315–333.
  • Eisenstein, Herbert. ‘Zu Drei Nordeuropäischen Tieren Aus Ibn Sa’id’s Geographie’. Acta Orientalia 54 (1993): 53–61.
  • Eisenstein, Herbert. Einführung in Die Arabische Zoographie. Das Tierkundliche Wissen in Der Arabisch-islamischen Literatur. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 1992.
  • Hillenbrand, Robert. ‘Mamlûk and Îlkhânid Bestiaries: Convention and Experiment’. Ars Orientalis 20 (1991): 149–187.

Before 1990

  • Contadini, Anna. “The Kitāb Manāfiʿ al-Ḥayawān in the Escorial Library.” Islamic Art 3, (1988-1989): 33-57, pl. III.
  • McDonald, M.V. “Animal-Books as a Genre in Arabic Literature’. Bulletin (British Society for Middle Eastern Studies) 15, no. 1/2 (1988): 3–10.
  • Contadini, Anna. “Note sul Kitāb Manāfiʿ al-Ḥayawān dell’Escorial.” Annali di Ca’ Foscari 25, 3 (1986): 109-121.
  • Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd edition. Leiden:Brill, 1986-2005. [Many entries on specific animals by François Viré]
  • Encyclopaedia iranica, London-Bostion:Routlegge-Kegan, 1985–.
  • “Aristoteles, Avicenna, Albertus, en de locusta maris”. In: Tussentijds. Bundel studies aangeboden aan W.P.Gerritsen ter gelegenheid van zijn vijftigste verjaardag. edited by Van Buuren, Lie, van Dijk en van Oostrom. 147–156. Utrechtse Bijdragen tot de medievistiek 5. Utrecht: Hes.
  • Kruk, Remke. ‘Hedgehogs and Their “Chicks”. A Case History of the Aristotelician Reception in Arabic Zoology’. Zeitschrift Für Geschichte Der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften 2 (1985): 205–234.
  • Iskandar, Albert Z. ‘A Doctor’s Book on Zoology: Al-Marwazi’s Taba’i’ Al-Hayawan (Nature of Animals) Re-Assessed’. Oriens 27 (1981): 266–312.
  • Ruiz Bravo, El Libro de las utilidades de los animales de Ibn al-Durayhim al-Mawsili. Ms. árabe 898 de la Biblioteca del Escorial. 194 pp.. Madrid: Edilan, 1981.
  • Watson, Oliver. “A Syrian Bull: A Rare Islamic Figurine.” Apollo: A Journal of the Arts (January 1981): 10-13.
  • Debono, Fernand. ‘À propos d’une curieuse représentation de girafe dans l’ouvrage de Belon du Mans’. In Hommages à Serge Sauneron, edited by J. Vercoutter, 2:417–458. Bibliothèque D’étude 82. Le Caire: Institut français d’archéologie orientale, 1979.
  • Viré, François. ‘À propos de La chasse au guépard d’après les sources arabes et les œuvres d’art musulman par Ahmad Abd Ar-Raziq’. Arabica 21, no. 1 (1974): 84–88.
  • Ullmann, Manfred. 1972. Die Natur- und Geheimwissenschaften im Islam. Handbuch der Orientalistik. 1, Der Nahe und der Mittlere Osten. Ergänzungsband 6/2. Leiden- Köln: Brill, 1972.
  • Lombard, Maurice. ‘La Chasse et Les Produits de La Chasse Dans Le Monde Musulman (VIIIe-XIe Siècle)’. Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales 24, no. 3 (1969): 572–593. DOI: 10.3406/ahess.1969.422080
  • Pellat, Charles. ‘Sur  quelques noms d’animaux en arabe classique’. Comptes Rendus Du Groupe Linguistique D’études Chamito-Sémitiques (GLECS) 8 (1955-1957): 95–99.
  • Cohen, Marcel ‘L’autruche dans la Poésie de Du-l-Rumma’. In Mélanges Louis Massignon, 1:199–205. Damas: Institut français de Damas, 1956.
  • Cohen, Marcel. ‘Onagre, Zèbre, Marabou’. In Mélanges Louis Massignon, 1:315–330. Damas: Institut français de Damas, 1956.
  • de Lorey, Eustache. “Le bestiaire de l’Escurial.” Gazette des beaux-arts (6th ser.) 14, 2 (1935): 228-238.
  • Laufer, Berthold, and Paul Pelliot. ‘Arabic and Chinese Trade in Walrus and Narwhal Ivory’. T’oung Pao 14, no. 3 (1913): 315–370.
To cite this post : Thierry Buquet, “Animals in the medieval and Ottoman Islamic World. A work in progress bibliography”, Medieval Animal Data-Network (blog on, November 26, 2015. [On line]

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